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Title Two-Dimensional Block Trees
Authors Nieves Brisaboa, Travis Gagie, Adrián Gómez-Brandón, Gonzalo Navarro
Publication date 2024
Abstract The Block Tree is a data structure for representing repetitive sequences in compressed space, which reaches space comparable with that of Lempel-Ziv compression while retaining fast direct access to any position in the sequence. In this paper, we generalize Block Trees to two dimensions, in order to exploit repetitive patterns in the representation of images, matrices and other kinds of bidimensional data. We demonstrate the practicality of the two-dimensional Block Trees (2D-BTs) in representing the adjacency matrices of Web graphs, and raster images in GIS applications. For this purpose, we integrate our 2D-BT with the k2-tree --
an efficient structure that exploits clustering and sparseness to compress adjacency matrices -- so that it also exploits repetitive patterns. Our experiments show that this structure uses 60-80% of the space of the original k2-tree,
while being 30% faster to three times slower when accessing cells.
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Pages 391-406
Volume 67
Journal name The Computer Journal
Publisher Oxford University Press (Oxford, UK)
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